Connect with us

Spa Design

Calming Spa Design Colors for a Relaxing Atmosphere

Melt away stress with soothing spa colors that create a serene sanctuary – discover the secrets to blissful relaxation.



spa design for relaxation

Let's dip our toes into the soothing pool of colors that can transform a spa into a blissful sanctuary.

From the gentle embrace of soft blues to the refreshing allure of tranquil whites, each hue holds the key to unlocking a realm of relaxation.

But what about the intricate dance between color and mood?

Join us as we unravel the secrets behind selecting the perfect palette that whispers serenity and tranquility, creating a haven where stress melts away like snowflakes in the sun.

Key Takeaways

  • Soft blues and greens promote peace and rejuvenation in spa settings.
  • Warm neutrals like beige and tan create a calm and comfortable backdrop.
  • Serene pastels, such as light blue and gentle green, enhance tranquility.
  • Earthy tones like tan and beige infuse warmth and tranquility for a relaxing spa environment.

Soft Blues and Greens

Soft blues and greens gently envelop the senses, creating a serene and tranquil atmosphere perfect for relaxation in spa designs. These calming shades of blue and green work harmoniously to evoke a sense of peace and rejuvenation. The soft hues of blue mimic clear skies on a sunny day, instilling a feeling of openness and calmness. In contrast, the gentle greens bring to mind lush meadows and the healing power of nature, promoting a sense of balance and harmony.

The combination of these soothing colors in spa designs creates a space where guests can unwind and escape the stresses of daily life. The soft blues help to lower blood pressure and heart rate, while the greens aid in reducing tension and promoting relaxation. As guests immerse themselves in this calming color palette, they're transported to a state of tranquility where they can truly focus on self-care and rejuvenation. The interplay of these shades creates a sanctuary for the mind, body, and soul, making the spa experience truly transformative.

728x90 4

Warm Neutrals

capturing the cozy ambiance

As we transition from the serene hues of soft blues and greens, we now immerse ourselves in the cozy embrace of warm neutrals like beige and tan, infusing spa spaces with a sense of inviting tranquility and comfort. Beige tones create a soothing warmth, ideal for inducing relaxation, while tan shades offer a grounding stability that enhances the spa environment.

  • Beige Tones: These soft neutrals envelop spa-goers in a sense of calm and comfort, providing a gentle backdrop for relaxation.
  • Tan Shades: The earthy tones of tan evoke a feeling of stability and harmony, promoting a centered and tranquil atmosphere within the spa.
  • Neutral Colors: Beige and tan, as neutral colors, contribute to a harmonious and balanced design that encourages a peaceful state of mind.
  • Earthy Tones: Incorporating earthy tones like tan into the spa's color palette enhances the connection to nature, fostering a serene and rejuvenating experience for guests.

Serene Pastels

Incorporating serene pastels into spa design instantly transforms the ambiance into a haven of tranquility and relaxation. These soft shades, such as light blue, gentle green, and subtle pink, possess a unique ability to create a calming effect within a spa atmosphere.

Pastel hues like lavender, lilac, and peach not only add a touch of elegance but also evoke feelings of peace and serenity. Scientifically proven to soothe the mind and body, pastel colors are the perfect choice for promoting relaxation in a spa setting.

Earthy Tones

desert landscape warm tones

Embracing earthy tones in spa design infuses a sense of warmth and tranquility, creating a serene sanctuary for relaxation and rejuvenation. Earth tones, including tan and beige, are excellent choices to establish a warm and inviting ambiance in spa spaces.

Soft green hues, reminiscent of nature, play a crucial role in promoting relaxation and tranquility within the environment. Additionally, incorporating earthy colors like taupe and light brown can effectively ground the overall color palette, providing a sense of stability and balance.

Neutral colors such as sand and ivory further enhance the calming and soothing atmosphere of the spa, contributing to a peaceful retreat for guests seeking relaxation.

  • Earth tones like tan and beige create a warm and inviting ambiance.
  • Soft green hues mimic nature, promoting relaxation.
  • Earthy colors like taupe and light brown ground the color palette.
  • Neutral colors such as sand and ivory contribute to a calming environment.

Tranquil Whites

Nestled amidst the earthy tones that envelop the spa space, tranquil whites emerge as a beacon of purity and serenity, elevating the ambiance to new levels of relaxation and peace. White colors, with their pristine allure, have the remarkable ability to reflect light, creating an open and airy feel within the spa. This reflective quality not only brightens the space but also contributes to a serene ambiance that envelops visitors in a cocoon of tranquility.

The infusion of white hues in spa decor not only promotes relaxation but also instills a sense of peace for guests seeking solace from the chaos of everyday life. Moreover, the use of white color schemes exudes luxury and sophistication, adding a touch of elegance to the spa environment. When combined with other calming colors, white proves to be a versatile choice, harmonizing effortlessly to establish a soothing and harmonious setting that epitomizes modern spa design.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Is the Most Relaxing Color for a Spa?

We believe the most relaxing color for a spa is pale blue. It helps lower blood pressure, heart rate, and promotes tranquility. Combined with light green, it enhances the calming ambiance, creating a serene atmosphere for guests to unwind.

728x90 4

What Is the Best Color for a Relaxation Room?

We find the best color for a relaxation room to be pale blue. Its ability to lower blood pressure and heart rate makes it ideal. Light green and pale pink also have soothing effects, creating a serene atmosphere.

What Color Is Best for Calming?

For calming, we'd choose soft blues or greens. These colors are linked to relaxation, backed by research. They're known to lower heart rate and alleviate stress. Opting for these hues in a spa can enhance tranquility.

What Is the Calming Color in Design?

Blue is often cited as the most calming color in design. Its cool tones evoke serenity and peace, making it a popular choice for creating relaxing environments. We find that shades of blue help us unwind and destress effortlessly.


In conclusion, when it comes to creating a calming spa atmosphere, choosing the right colors is key. Soft blues and greens, warm neutrals, serene pastels, earthy tones, and tranquil whites all play a part in enhancing relaxation.

Like a gentle melody in a symphony of tranquility, these colors harmonize to create a soothing and peaceful environment for spa visitors to unwind and rejuvenate. Let the colors guide you to a state of blissful serenity.

728x90 4

Introducing Ron, the home decor aficionado at ByRetreat, whose passion for creating beautiful and inviting spaces is at the heart of his work. With his deep knowledge of home decor and his innate sense of style, Ron brings a wealth of expertise and a keen eye for detail to the ByRetreat team. Ron’s love for home decor goes beyond aesthetics; he understands that our surroundings play a significant role in our overall well-being and productivity. With this in mind, Ron is dedicated to transforming remote workspaces into havens of comfort, functionality, and beauty.

Continue Reading

Spa Design

What Makes Alpes Design Spa a Unique Relaxation Destination?

Only at Alpes Design Spa can you find a unique blend of luxury, authenticity, and innovation that sets it apart from other relaxation destinations.




luxury spa in alpes

As we consider relaxation destinations, Alpes Design Spa emerges as a place where luxury meets authenticity. Nestled in the picturesque Alps, this spa offers a blend of opulent amenities and personalized services that cater to every guest's desire.

But what truly sets it apart from others? The answer lies in its ability to seamlessly combine nature's beauty with cutting-edge relaxation experiences, providing a haven for those seeking something truly exceptional.

Key Takeaways

  • Luxurious amenities and personalized services for a balanced relaxation experience.
  • Serene Alpine setting blending architecture with nature for a rejuvenating escape.
  • Exclusive regeneration offers and holistic approaches for body, mind, and spirit.
  • Thermal wellness, sauna sanctuary, and regenerative spa treatments in a standout European destination.

Luxurious Amenities and Personalized Services

At Alpes Design Spa, we pamper our guests with a lavish array of amenities and tailor-made services designed to elevate their relaxation experience to new heights. Our professional staff is dedicated to ensuring a balanced experience for body, mind, and spirit, offering personalized spa treatments, wellness area access, and exclusive regeneration offers. Guests can indulge in culinary delights made from fresh, regional, and seasonal ingredients, perfectly tailored to their needs and preferences.

In our serene environment, guests can find inner peace and rejuvenation through a variety of experiences, including massages, yoga, and meditation. The spa features a natural bathing lake and infinity pools, enhancing the overall relaxation experience. We pride ourselves on creating an atmosphere where guests can escape the stresses of everyday life and immerse themselves in a world of tranquility and luxury.

Alpes Design Spa is more than just a place for relaxation; it's a destination for exclusive experiences and holistic well-being.

Breathtaking Natural Setting

remote island with cliffs

Nestled within the awe-inspiring beauty of the French Alps, Alpes Design Spa offers a breathtaking natural setting for guests seeking tranquility and rejuvenation. Surrounded by stunning mountain views, this mountain spa immerses visitors in the serene ambiance of the Alpine environment. The integration of natural elements into the spa's design creates a tranquil atmosphere, perfect for a rejuvenating relaxation experience.

From the moment guests arrive, they're greeted by the picturesque backdrop of the French Alps, setting the stage for a unique and unforgettable spa journey. The seamless blend of the spa's architecture with the surrounding natural landscape enhances the overall sense of peace and inner calm. As guests unwind in this tranquil oasis, they're enveloped by the beauty and serenity of the Alps, providing a holistic escape from the hustle and bustle of daily life.

728x90 4

At Alpes Design Spa, the breathtaking natural setting serves as the perfect backdrop for a truly rejuvenating experience, making it a standout destination for those seeking a peaceful retreat in the heart of nature.

Unique Spa Experience Tailored for Guests

Immersing guests in a personalized relaxation experience, Alpes Design Spa offers exclusive regeneration offers tailored to promote inner peace and new perspectives for adult visitors. The spa's focus on guest needs ensures a unique relaxation atmosphere that stands out in Europe. Guests are treated to a sensory journey through various spa offerings, including a thermal spa, indoor and outdoor pools, and treatment rooms equipped with modern facilities. These experiences have beneficial effects on the body, mind, and spirit, providing a holistic approach to relaxation and rejuvenation.

Spa Offerings Features
Thermal Spa Experience the healing powers of thermal waters.
Sensory Experiences Engage your senses with unique spa treatments.
Indoor & Outdoor Pools Relax in luxurious pools surrounded by nature.

Alpes Design Spa's professional staff ensures a balanced experience for guests, offering services like massages, wellness treatments, yoga, and meditation. The spa's interior design, with elements like the Blue Grotto and sea view saunas, creates a serene and rejuvenating environment that enhances the overall relaxation experience.

Tranquil Alpine Surroundings

peaceful mountain setting described

Surrounded by the majestic Alps, Alpes Design Spa offers guests a tranquil escape into nature's serene embrace, enhancing their relaxation experience with the beauty of the natural surroundings. Nestled in these tranquil Alpine surroundings, the spa provides a serene escape from the fast pace of everyday life. The majestic mountains and pristine nature enveloping the spa create a peaceful setting that's perfect for relaxation and rejuvenation. Here, guests can immerse themselves in the serene Alpine surroundings, fostering a sense of well-being and inner peace.

The tranquil environment of Alpes Design Spa allows guests to unwind, destress, and reconnect with nature. This unique setting promotes a deep sense of calm and tranquility, offering a truly immersive experience unlike any other. The Alpine surroundings serve as a picturesque backdrop, enhancing the overall relaxation journey and making it an unforgettable experience. At Alpes Design Spa, the combination of the spa's offerings and the tranquil Alpine setting creates a harmonious environment that caters to the well-being and relaxation needs of every guest.

Distinctive Relaxation Offerings

In the realm of relaxation at Alpes Design Spa, our guests are treated to a selection of distinctive offerings that cater to their individual rejuvenation needs and promote inner peace and rejuvenation. The spa's unique atmosphere and commitment to providing a one-of-a-kind experience make it a standout relaxation destination in Europe.

728x90 4

Here are three of the exclusive relaxation offerings that set Alpes Design Spa apart:

  1. Thermal Wellness: Guests can indulge in the healing benefits of thermal waters in our state-of-the-art indoor pool, designed to provide a soothing and rejuvenating experience.
  2. Sauna and Steam Sanctuary: Our sauna and steam facilities offer a tranquil space for guests to let go of stress and unwind. The innovative design creates a harmonious blend of relaxation and rejuvenation.
  3. Regenerative Spa Treatments: From revitalizing massages to bespoke wellness rituals, our spa treatments are tailored to promote regeneration and inner balance, leaving guests feeling refreshed and revitalized after their visit.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Makes a Spa Different?

What sets spas apart is their ability to cater to diverse needs through personalized experiences. Our focus on creating unique, harmonious atmospheres, blending indoor-outdoor spaces seamlessly, and emphasizing water-centric design elements ensures an unparalleled relaxation destination for all.

What Is Spa in Design?

In design, a spa is more than architecture; it's a harmonious blend of nature and luxury. Water features like the Blue Grotto and sea view saunas create a rejuvenating atmosphere. Sustainability and personalized experiences define our spa.

Is Switzerland Known for Spas?

Switzerland's known for its world-class spas, offering top-notch facilities and serene environments. From thermal spas to high-end resorts, Swiss spa culture focuses on relaxation and holistic well-being. It's a haven for rejuvenation.


In conclusion, Alpes Design Spa offers a truly unique relaxation experience that goes beyond the ordinary. From luxurious amenities and personalized services to a breathtaking natural setting and tranquil Alpine surroundings, this spa provides a distinctive escape for those seeking inner peace and rejuvenation.

With its focus on guest needs and personalized experiences, Alpes Design Spa stands out as a top choice for a memorable and relaxing getaway in the heart of the Alps.

728x90 4

Continue Reading

Spa Design

Spa Website Design Ideas: 3 Tips for a Relaxing Online Experience

Uncover the secrets to crafting a serene online retreat with three essential tips that will transform your spa website into a haven of relaxation.




creating a tranquil website

As we navigate the digital realm, envision a spa website as the serene oasis amidst the bustling online landscape. Picture a virtual retreat where design choices whisk visitors away to a tranquil haven.

With a focus on creating a harmonious user experience, our discussion will explore three essential tips to cultivate a calming online sanctuary.

Let's uncover how thoughtful design elements, intuitive navigation features, and captivating visual content can elevate the online presence of a spa, inviting visitors to unwind and connect with a sense of tranquility.

Key Takeaways

  • Incorporate soothing colors and natural imagery for a tranquil atmosphere.
  • Implement user-friendly navigation features for easy browsing.
  • Use engaging visual content like photos and reviews for authenticity.
  • Focus on creating a serene online environment for a calming experience.

Design Elements for Relaxing Atmosphere

To create a truly tranquil ambiance on your spa website, we recommend incorporating design elements that embrace soothing colors and natural imagery. When it comes to spa website design, the use of calming colors such as soft blues and greens can instantly set the tone for a relaxing atmosphere. These hues evoke a sense of peace and serenity, making visitors feel at ease as soon as they land on your page.

By integrating natural elements like images of flowers or plants into your layout, you can further enhance the feeling of tranquility for your users.

In addition to colors and imagery, the layout of your spa website plays a crucial role in promoting a calm and peaceful browsing experience. Opt for a clean and uncluttered design that allows for easy navigation and a sense of openness. Choose soft and easy-to-read fonts to complement the soothing effect of your website's visuals. Strategic use of white space can also contribute to creating a serene environment that encourages visitors to unwind and relax while exploring your site.

728x90 4

User-Friendly Navigation Features

helpful navigation for users

Embracing user-friendly navigation features on your spa website is essential to ensure a seamless and enjoyable browsing experience for visitors seeking relaxation and rejuvenation.

To enhance your spa website's user experience, consider the following tips:

  • Implement clear and intuitive menu navigation for easy browsing.
  • Use drop-down menus for organized service categories.
  • Include a search bar for quick access to specific services.

Engaging Visual Content

Enhancing user engagement through captivating visual content is key to creating a compelling online experience for spa website visitors. When it comes to spa web design, using visually appealing colors and original photography can significantly enhance the user experience. Incorporating relevant photos, such as before-and-after images showcasing the effectiveness of treatments, can attract potential clients and build trust. Customer reviews accompanied by photos add authenticity and emotional appeal, making the spa services more relatable and trustworthy.

Aesthetically pleasing websites not only create a relaxing online environment but also play a crucial role in the spa's digital marketing strategy. Implementing an online Service Menu to boost visibility and offering options like Gift Cards Available can further enhance user engagement. By focusing on engaging visual content, spas can create a memorable and immersive online experience that resonates with visitors and encourages them to explore the services offered.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Can I Book an Appointment at the Spa Through the Website?

To book an appointment at the spa through the website, simply click on the "Book Now" button, choose your preferred service, select a date and time that suits you, and complete the booking process by entering your details.

Are There Any Virtual Tours Available to See the Spa Facilities Before Booking?

Absolutely! We've got the ultimate virtual tour experience waiting for you. Dive into our spa facilities from the comfort of your home. Immerse yourselves in the soothing ambiance and get a sneak peek before booking.

Can I Purchase Gift Cards or Spa Products Online?

Absolutely! We offer the convenience of purchasing gift cards and spa products online. Treat yourself or a loved one to a relaxing experience from the comfort of your home. It's easy, quick, and perfect for any occasion!

728x90 4

Is There a Blog or Resources Section on the Website for More Information About Spa Treatments and Wellness Tips?

Absolutely! Our website boasts a vibrant blog and resources section overflowing with expert insights on spa treatments and holistic wellness tips. Dive into a world of rejuvenation and knowledge to enhance your spa experience.

Are There Any Special Promotions or Discounts Available for Online Bookings?

Absolutely! We offer exclusive online booking discounts and special promotions to enhance your spa experience. Check out our website for the latest deals that will make your relaxation time even more delightful.


As we wrap up our exploration of spa website design ideas, remember that creating a relaxing online experience is like crafting a digital oasis for visitors to escape to.

By incorporating soothing design elements, user-friendly navigation features, and engaging visual content, you can transport users to a tranquil space where they can unwind and explore your services with ease.

Let your website be a sanctuary of calm in the digital world.

728x90 4

Continue Reading

Spa Design

What Hair Design Services Does Allure Spa Offer?

Looking for hair design services? Allure Spa offers a variety of options to elevate your style, including precision cutting and luxurious scalp massages.




allure spa hair services

Curious about the hair design services at Allure Spa? You might be surprised by the variety of options available to suit different tastes and preferences.

From precision cutting to luxurious scalp massages, our team of experts is dedicated to enhancing your unique style. But that's just the beginning; there's so much more to discover in our range of services that cater to all your hair care needs.

Key Takeaways

  • Tailored cutting techniques and styling services by skilled professionals.
  • Aveda Vegan Color and corrective color expertise for customized results.
  • Deep conditioning treatments and repair masks for healthy, luxurious hair.
  • Elegant updos, hair extensions, and braiding services for special occasions and everyday styles.

Haircuts and Styling Services

In our haircuts and styling services at Allure Spa, we tailor design cutting techniques to accentuate your unique features, providing a personalized and exclusive haircut experience. Our team of skilled hair stylists at the spa is dedicated to enhancing your natural beauty through expertly crafted cuts and styles. We understand that your hair is an essential part of your overall look and style, which is why we focus on creating designs that complement your individual assets.

At Allure Spa, we go beyond just cutting hair; we provide educational styling to equip you with the knowledge needed for proper at-home hair care techniques. Our services include scalp massages, luxurious shampooing, conditioning treatments, and finish styling to pamper and enhance your hair. Whether you're looking for a simple trim or a complete hair transformation, our salon is the perfect place to indulge in a day of self-care and rejuvenation. Trust us to elevate your hair design experience to new heights at Allure Spa.

Hair Coloring and Highlights

vibrant hair transformations offered

At Allure Spa, our team of skilled professionals excels in providing personalized hair coloring and highlighting services to enhance your natural beauty. We offer a range of options, including Aveda Vegan hair color services that are 99% naturally derived. Our specialized services encompass Corrective Color, Balayage, Ombre, and more, all aimed at bringing out the best in your hair. Before any coloring service, we conduct customized color consultations to understand your preferences and provide professional recommendations tailored to your needs. Additionally, we emphasize the importance of using the right home hair care products to maintain your colored hair's vibrancy and health. To give you an accurate idea of the costs involved, we offer personalized quotes after an individual consultation. Trust us to not only transform your hair with color and highlights but also to ensure that the results last and exceed your expectations.

Services Description Benefits
Aveda Vegan Color 99% naturally derived color services using Aveda products Environmentally friendly, vibrant results
Corrective Color Correcting previous color mishaps with precision and expertise Restores hair to desired shade
Balayage/Ombre Specialized techniques for natural-looking highlights and color gradients Adds depth and dimension to your hair

Hair Treatments and Masks

Enhancing your hair's natural beauty further, our focus now shifts to the rejuvenating realm of Hair Treatments and Masks at Allure Spa. When it comes to nourishing and revitalizing your hair, we offer a range of treatments tailored to meet your specific needs.

Here are three key offerings that can help improve your hair's texture and overall health:

728x90 4
  • Deep Conditioning Treatments: Our deep conditioning treatments penetrate the hair shaft, providing intense moisture and repairing damage from within.
  • Hydrating Masks: Indulge in luxurious hydrating masks that work to restore moisture balance, leaving your hair soft, smooth, and shiny.
  • Repair Treatments: Our repair treatments target and strengthen weakened areas of the hair, helping to improve resilience and vitality.

At Allure Spa, our professional stylists are dedicated to recommending the best treatments for your hair, ensuring you leave with hair that not only looks great but is truly healthy from root to tip.

Special Occasion Updos and Styling

elegant hair styling services

With a touch of elegance and a dash of creativity, our skilled stylists at Allure Spa transform your hair into stunning updo styles fit for any special occasion. Our professional updo styling services cater to events like weddings, proms, and parties, ensuring you look and feel your best. Using clean, dry hair as their canvas, our stylists craft elegant looks that are as unique as you are. Pricing for our special occasion updos and styling varies depending on factors such as hair length, texture, and the intricacy of the style chosen.

At Allure Spa, the updo styling experience goes beyond just the hair. Clients indulging in our special occasion services can enjoy a scalp massage, shampoo, conditioning treatment, and leave with a finished style that perfectly complements their outfit and overall aesthetic. Whether you're aiming for a classic updo or a more modern and trendy look, our stylists are here to make your special event truly memorable.

Hair Extensions and Braiding

Transforming your hair into a work of art, our skilled stylists at Allure Spa specialize in providing top-notch hair extension and braiding services using only the finest quality materials.

When it comes to hair extensions, we offer 100% human Remy hair extensions that add both length and volume to your natural hair, ensuring a seamless blend for a stunning look. Our salon provides individual consultations to tailor the hair extension services to your specific needs, offering personalized quotes to achieve the desired outcome.

Proper care and maintenance are essential to prolong the lifespan of your hair extensions, and our experts at Allure Spa are here to guide you on the best practices for long-lasting results.

Additionally, our braiding services cater to a variety of styles and looks, allowing you to express your unique personality through your hair. Trust our professional stylists to deliver exceptional results and help you achieve the hair length and style you've always dreamed of.

728x90 4

Frequently Asked Questions

Does Allure Spa Offer Scalp Massages or Treatments for Hair Loss?

Yes, at Allure Spa, we provide scalp massages and specialized treatments for hair loss. Our experienced stylists offer personalized care to enhance scalp health and promote hair growth, ensuring a relaxing and effective experience for all clients.

Are There Any Hair Design Services Specifically for Men, Such as Beard Trims or Shaping?

Absolutely, we cater to gentlemen with precision beard trims and shaping services. Our skilled stylists are experts in creating clean, tailored looks. We take pride in helping men refine their personal style.

Can Customers Bring in Their Own Hair Extensions for Allure Spa to Style or Install?

Absolutely, we welcome customers to bring their own hair extensions for styling or installation at Allure Spa. It's a fantastic way to personalize your look and achieve the exact style you desire.

Does Allure Spa Provide Consultations for Clients Looking to Make a Drastic Change to Their Hair?

Absolutely! We love guiding clients through transformative hair changes. Our consultations are thorough, ensuring we understand your vision. Trust us to bring your dream look to life with precision and creativity.

Are There Any Hair Design Services Available for Children or Teenagers at Allure Spa?

Absolutely! At Allure Spa, we offer a range of hair design services for children and teenagers. From trendy cuts to vibrant colors, our skilled stylists cater to all ages, ensuring a fun and stylish experience for our young clients.

728x90 4


In conclusion, Allure Spa offers a variety of hair design services to cater to all your needs and preferences, like a painter with a colorful palette.

From trendy haircuts and vibrant coloring to luxurious treatments and elegant updos, their skilled professionals are dedicated to enhancing your natural beauty.

So why settle for anything less when you can experience a transformation like a caterpillar turning into a beautiful butterfly at Allure Spa?

Continue Reading

Affiliate Disclaimer
As an affiliate, we may earn a commission from qualifying purchases. We get commissions for purchases made through links on this website from Amazon and other third parties.